Acute Pericoronitis and its Effect on Health Related Quality of Life: Systemic Review


The Departments of Periodontics* and Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery**, Faculty of Dentistry and Oral Surgery, Alasmarya Islamic University, Zlitin, Libya


Abstract Background: Pericoronitis is inflammation of the tissue surrounding partially erpted tooth (most common lowerthird molar). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of acute pericoronitis on quality of life (QoL), in terms of oral health and lifestyle. Aim of Study: The aim of this study was to assess the changes in perception of quality of life of patients with acute pericoronitis. Material and Methods: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, the Cochrane library, and Web of Science, for studies that investigated on quality of life (QoL) in patients with symptomatic pericoronitis.After extracting data, the pooled sensitivity, specificity, constructed summary receiver operating characteristics curve and positive likelihood ratio were estimated. 1436 abstracts were reviewed after duplication removal and subsequently the full text of the 110 articles was obtained according to the inclusion criteria. Results: 11 studies were considered eligible after full-text review. Subgroup analysis was used to go further into the source of heterogeneity. The results revealed that there was significant improvement in homogeneity in subgroups classified by state, p-value, imaging techniques, and other factors (Chl2=91.21, p=<0.00001), I2=89%), according to the subgroup analysis. Conclusion: Pericoronitis pain had clinically significant associations with patients' lifestyle and tooth function. Symp-tomatic pericoronitis might have adverse implications, limiting quality of life and causing pain.