Correlation between Glenohumeral Subluxation and Hand Dexterity after Stroke

Document Type : Original Article


The Department of Physical Therapy for Neurology, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University & MUST and Department of Neurology** and Radiology***, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt


Abstract Background: Glenohumeral subluxation (GHS) is a com-mon post-stroke complication that can be considered an important contributor for other disabilities. Aim of Study: This study aimed to investigate the rela-tionship between glenohumeral subluxation and hand dexterity after stroke. Patients and Methods: Thirty stroke patients of both genders, between 45 and 65 years old with mean of (54.86±7.19) participated in this study. The glenohumeral subluxation was evaluated using X-ray radiograph, finger breath test and the hand dexterity was evaluated by Purdue pegboard test. The upper limb function evaluated by fugle-Meyer. Results: No previously existing differences in demographic variables or outcome measures were found. There was a significant difference between X-ray analysis scores and PPBT scores. In addition, a significant negative correlation was found between van classification scores and PPBT scores, whereas there was no significant correlation between FMA and X-ray analysis scores. Conclusion: There is a relationship between glenohumeral subluxation and hand dexterity in poststroke patients.